Bison in Greek means an Ox-like animal. French fur trappers called them boeuf
, it was later that the name got morphed into Buffalo. Massive herds of this animal are found in the North American grasslands. A healthy animal grows to a height of 6 feet and can weigh about 1500 to 2500 pounds. Most of them have a brown coat. White coat ones are rare, and are considered sacred by native Americans. Although, not domesticated, but they are reared for their meat which is frequently used in various food recipes. It is advised to approach this animal keeping in mind that it has a wild streak. The Yellow Stone National Park in Wyoming has the largest population of this animal.
Many people confuse it with beef, whereas, the two are completely different. Its popularity is on a rise these days, thanks to the health benefits they provide. It is said that 100 grams of Bison meat has enough calcium as one glass of milk, as much potassium as one banana, and is also a mainstay in many steak recipes. They were almost on the brink of extinction because of the growing popularity of their nutritional value, but with the intervention of the government, these magnificent creatures were saved. Now they are reared in ranches or farms where they are allowed to roam free and feed on grass. Many native Americans rear them as a means to earn livelihood. These animals are not fed in the common feedlots, as a result of which they produce the healthiest red meat. Let's see the nutrition chart to know about the hidden benefits.
Source: USDA (United States Department Of Agriculture) Handbook per 100 gram serving.
From the table above you can compare Bison's nutritional facts with other types of meat to see how healthy and nutritious it is. It contains low fat and cholesterol. Since most of these animals feed on grass, they have a distinct flavor and almost negligible marbling. It is nutritious and adds a sweet sapidity to the dining experience. It is rich in iron and protein, healthy for the heart and beneficial for people on a diet. It is also a rich source of vitamin B12 and vitamin B6. It is considered to be good for people with allergies, as it is chemical and drug free. It has no steroids or growth hormones. It is sometimes also known as Buffalo meat, and is darker than beef. Many times, 90 to 120 days prior to their slaughter, they are fed grains so as to increase the flavor of the meat. Therefore, always buy the one free from grain feed to truly enjoy its health benefits.
If you want a juicy and tender steak, never overcook it. Also, never put it directly on an open flame, as it will become hard. It is best cooked slowly, as this retains the flavor and tenderness. It is easily available, and in case you want it from grass-fed animals, it is best to directly order from the Bison ranches. So the next time you have a barbecue, you know exactly what to order.
Now that you know the health facts, try this meat and enjoy the delicious flavor of its sweet tenderness.