# famous mathematicians

# Famous Mathematicians

Here's a look at some of the many math geniuses, who have helped shape the face of modern-day Mathematics.

Nationality | Greek |

Fields of Expertise | Mathematics, Physics, Engineering, Astronomy |

Notable Contributions (Mathematics) | The Method of Mechanical Theorems, accurate approximation of pi |

**Image Credit :**Domenico Fetti via Wikimedia Commons (PD)

Nationality | Indian |

Fields of Expertise | Mathematics, Astronomy |

Notable Contributions (Mathematics) | Āryabhaṭīya, Arya-siddhanta, the concept of Zero, worked on the approximation of pi |

**Image Credit :**Wikimedia Commons (PD)

Nationality | German |

Fields of Expertise | Mathematics |

Notable Contributions (Mathematics) | Riemann Geometry, Riemann Surfaces, Riemann Integral |

^{th}century. His most well-known work is the Riemann Hypothesis, which deals with the distribution of prime numbers. He played a vital role in the field of analysis, number theory, and differential geometry.

**Image Credit :**Wikimedia Commons (PD)

Nationality | French |

Fields of Expertise | Mathematics, Theology, Philosophy, Physics |

Notable Contributions (Mathematics) | Pascal's triangle, Pascal's theorem, De l'Esprit géométrique |

^{th}century. He published an essay on conic sections using the methods of Gerard Desargues. Pascal was amongst the first few people to put probability to practical use.

**Image Credit :**Wikimedia Commons (PD)

Nationality | German |

Fields of Expertise | Mathematics and Physics |

Notable Contributions (Mathematics) | The Disquisitiones Arithmeticae, Basic theorem of quadratic residues |

*Disquisitiones Arithmeticae*, which is probably the greatest book on pure mathematics. He has also made significant contributions in the areas of number theory, and in predicting the orbit of comets and stars. He has probably proved the most number of theorems, and greatly improved upon them.

**Image Credit :**A. Wittmann via Wikimedia Commons (PD)

Nationality | German |

Fields of Expertise | Mathematics, Philosophy |

Notable Contributions (Mathematics) | Hilbert's basis theorem, Hilbert's axioms, Hilbert's problems |

^{th}century. He played a pivotal role in founding the proof theory and mathematical logic. He was also amongst the select few people of his time, who could differentiate between Mathematics and Metamathematics. Also, he greatly contributed to the fields of invariant theory and the axiomatization of geometry.

**Image Credit :**Wikimedia Commons (PD)

Nationality | Greek |

Fields of Expertise | Mathematics |

Notable Contributions (Mathematics) | Euclidean geometry, Euclid's Elements, Divisions of Figures |

**Image Credit :**Wmpearl (own work) via Wikimedia Commons (PD)

Nationality | German |

Fields of Expertise | Mathematics, Physics, Philosophy |

Notable Contributions (Mathematics) | Infinitesimal calculus, Leibniz harmonic triangle, Leibniz integral rule |

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**Image Credit :**Christoph Bernhard Franckehil via Wikimedia Commons (PD)

Nationality | French |

Fields of Expertise | Mathematics and Physics |

Notable Contributions (Mathematics) | Poincaré conjecture, Topology, Chaos Theorem, the Poincaré-Hopf theorem |

**Image Credit :**Wikimedia Commons (PD)

Nationality | English |

Fields of Expertise | Mathematics, Physics, Astronomy, Philosophy, Alchemy, Theology |

Notable Contributions (Mathematics) | Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy (Principia), Method of Fluxions |

*Principia*, considered to be one of the most important scientific books ever written, and the Method of Fluxions, which explained the principles of differential calculus in great detail.

**Image Credit :**Sir Godfrey Kneller via Wikimedia Commons (PD)

Nationality | French |

Fields of Expertise | Mathematics, Mathematical physics |

Notable Contributions (Mathematics) | Lagrange's theorem, mathematical analysis, number theory |

**Image Credit :**Wikimedia Commons (PD)

Nationality | Italian |

Fields of Expertise | Mathematics |

Notable Contributions (Mathematics) | Fibonacci numbers, Liber Abaci, Brahmagupta-Fibonacci identity |

**Image Credit :**Martin Gardner via Wikimedia Commons (PD)

Nationality | Swiss |

Fields of Expertise | Mathematics and Physics |

Notable Contributions (Mathematics) | Euler angles, Euler-Lagrange equation, Euler's formula |

**Image Credit :**Wikimedia Commons (PD)

Nationality | French |

Fields of Expertise | Mathematics, Law |

Notable Contributions (Mathematics) | Fermat's principle, Fermat's Last Theorem, Fermat's factorization method |

^{th}century, Fermat was also a lawyer at the Parlement of Toulouse, France. He was amongst the first few people to use the power functions of integers. He also worked on improving the values of maxima and minima.

**Image Credit :**Smithsonian Institute Libraries via Wikimedia Commons (PD)

Nationality | Greek |

Fields of Expertise | Mathematics, Politics, Music |

Notable Contributions (Mathematics) | Pythagorean theorem, Golden ratio, the relation of music and Mathematics |

**Image Credit :**Luca Giordano via Wikimedia Commons (PD)